Google Algorithm Updates

Posted in   Search Engines   on  February 10, 2020 by  sonupandey0

Google January 2020 Core Update

January 14, 2020, A broad core algorithm update confirmed by Google is now rolling.

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January 14, 2020

Google BERT Update Worldwide

December 9, 2019, BERT, the new way for Google Search to better understand language that initially launched in October for US English, is now rolling out to over 70 languages worldwide.

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December 9, 2019

Google BERT Update

October 25, 2019, Google calls this update the “biggest leap forward in the past five years, and one of the biggest leaps forward in the history of search.” This algorithm update is improving the way Google understands queries, to bring it closer to the way humans understand them.

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October 25, 2019

The September 2019 Core Update

September 24, 2019, Google announced that a new broad core algorithm update is rolling out. This is a pre-announced update, part of those that are released several times per year.

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September 24, 2019

The June 2019 Core Update

June 3, 2019, Google announced that a core update is rolling out. This is one of the first pre-announced updates and, according to Google officials, this update is part of the several broad core algorithm updates that are released several times per year.

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June 3, 2019

Confirmed Broad Core Update

March 12, 2019, Google confirmed that a big algorithm update was released, designed to improve the overall results.

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March 12, 2019

Significant Core Quality Update

October 31, 2018, Many websites affected by the August update saw further drops after this date. This is probably an update having to do with expertise, authority, and trust, the factors that Google uses to measure how much trust it should place in a brand or website.

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October 31, 2018

Google Birthday Update

September 27, 2018, Google confirmed that a small update was done on this date. It is called the Birthday Update as Google’s birthday is on September 27th.

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September 27, 2018

Confirmed Broad Core Update

August 1, 2018, Google confirmed that a broad core algorithm update was released, designed to improve the overall results.

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August 1, 2018

Google Speed Update

July 9, 2018, Google confirmed that starting this date The Speed Update is rolling out for all users. From now on, page speed will be a ranking factor for mobile searches.

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July 9, 2018

Confirmed Google Algorithm Update

April 17, 2018, Google rolled out another broad core algorithm related to content relevance.

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April 17, 2018

Confirmed Major Core Update

March 9, 2018, The update was confirmed by Google who also recommended webmasters to remain focused on building great content.

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March 9, 2018

Snippet Length Increase

November 30, 2017, Google increased the length of search snippets. The new Meta Description limit is now 300 characters (previously was 155).

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November 30, 2017

Unnamed Update

November 15, 2017, Algorithm trackers have detected high fluctuations around this date. Google did not confirm this update.

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November 15, 2017

October 27, 2017, Around this date there were registered substantial drops in featured snippets; at the same time, Google added many panels for broad terms and objects.

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October 27, 2017

Unnamed Update

September 27, 2017, Algorithm Trackers detected increased fluctuations around this date. Google did not confirm this update.

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September 27, 2017

Unamed Update

June 24, 2017, A prolonged series of increased rank fluctuations starting with June 24. The SEO industry reported lots of ranking shifts as the algorithm continued to update for over a week.

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June 24, 2017

Fred Update

March 8, 2017, Google rolled out what appeared to be a major update, with reports of widespread impacts across the SEO community. Yet, this was not an official confirmation.

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March 8, 2017

Unnamed Major Update

February 1, 2017, There was a period of heavy algorithm flux starting around February 1st and peaking around February 6th. It is unclear whether this was multiple algorithm updates or a single update.

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February 1, 2017

Intrusive Interstitial Penalty

January 10, 2017, Google started rolling out a penalty to punish aggressive interstitials and pop-ups that might damage the mobile user experience.

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January 10, 2017

Penguin 4.0 (Real-time)

September 23, 2016, The Penguin Update is now part of Google’s core algorithm and will be able to devalue spam by adjusting ranking based on spam signals, rather than affecting the ranking of the whole site.

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September 23, 2016

Possum Update

September 1, 2016. This particular update seems to have only impacted ranking in the 3-pack and Local Finder.

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September 1, 2016

Mobile-friendly 2

May 12, 2016, Google rolled out another ranking signal boost to benefit mobile-friendly sites on mobile search.

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May 12, 2016

Unnamed Major Update

May 10, 2016, Google would not confirm this update but the entire professional industry saw huge ranking shakeups and no explanation is currently available.

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May 10, 2016

Unnamed Update

January 8, 2016, Multiple tracking tools reported large rankings movement, which Google later confirmed as a “core algo update”. Google officially said that this was not a Penguin update.

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January 8, 2016


October 26, 2015, Google made a major announcement, revealing that machine learning had been a part of the algorithm for months, contributing to the 3rd most influential ranking factor.

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October 26, 2015

Panda 4.2

July 17, 2015, Google announced what was most likely a Panda data refresh, saying that it could take months to fully roll out. The immediate impact was unclear, and there were no clear signs of a major algorithm update.

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July 17, 2015

The Quality Update

May 3, 2015, After many reports of large-scale ranking changes, originally dubbed “Phantom 2”, Google acknowledged a core algorithm change impacting “quality signals”.

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May 3, 2015


April 22, 2015, Google pre-announced an algorithm update, telling us that mobile rankings would differ for mobile-friendly sites starting on April 21st.

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April 22, 2015

Pigeon Update (UK, CA, AU)

December 22, 2014, Google’s major local algorithm update, dubbed “Pigeon”, expands to the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia.

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December 22, 2014

Penguin Everflux

December 10, 2014, A Google representative said that Penguin had shifted to continuous updates, moving away from infrequent, major updates.

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December 10, 2014

Pirate 2.0

October 21, 2014, More than two years after the original DMCA/”Pirate” update, Google launched another update to combat software and digital media piracy. This update was highly targeted, causing dramatic drops in ranking to a relatively small group of sites.

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October 21, 2014

Penguin 3.0

October 17, 2014, More than a year after the previous Penguin update (2.1), Google launched a Penguin refresh. This update appeared to be smaller than expected (<1% of US/English queries affected) and was probably data-only (not a new Penguin algorithm). The timing of the update was unclear, especially internationally, and Google claimed it was spread out over “weeks”.

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October 17, 2014

“In The News” Box

October 1, 2014, Google made what looked like a display change to News-box results, but later announced that they had expanded news links to a much larger set of potential sites. The presence of news results in SERPs also spiked, and major news sites reported substantial traffic changes.

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October 1, 2014

Panda 4.1 (#27)

September 23, 2014, Google announced a significant Panda update, which included an algorithmic component. They estimated the impact at 3-5% of queries affected. Given the “slow rollout,” the exact timing was unclear.

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September 23, 2014

Authorship Removed

August 28, 2014, Following up on the June 28th drop of authorship photos, Google announced that they would be cowmpletely removing authorship markup (and would no longer process it). By the next morning, authorship bylines had disappeared from all SERPs.

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August 28, 2014


August 6, 2014, After months of speculation, Google announced that they would be giving preference to secure sites, and that adding encryption would provide a “lightweight” rankings boost. They stressed that this boost would start out small, but implied it might increase if the changed proved to be positive.

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August 6, 2014


July 24, 2014, Google shook the local SEO world with an update that dramatically altered some local results and modified how they handle and interpret location cues. Google claimed that Pigeon created closer ties between the local algorithm and core algorithm(s).

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July 24, 2014

Payday Loan 3.0

June 12, 2014, Less than a month after the Payday Loan 2.0 anti-spam update, Google launched another major iteration. Official statements suggested that 2.0 targeted specific sites, while 3.0 targeted spammy queries.

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June 12, 2014

Panda 4.0 (#26)

May 19, 2014, Google confirmed a major Panda update that likely included both an algorithm update and a data refresh. Officially, about 7.5% of English-language queries were affected. While Matt Cutts said it began rolling out on 5/20, our data strongly suggests it started earlier.

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May 19, 2014

Payday Loan 2.0

May 16, 2014, Just prior to Panda 4.0, Google updated it’s “payday loan” algorithm, which targets especially spammy queries. The exact date of the roll-out was unclear (Google said “this past weekend” on 5/20), and the back-to-back updates made the details difficult to sort out.

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May 16, 2014

Page Layout #3

February 6, 2014, Google “refreshed” their page layout algorithm, also known as “top heavy”. Originally launched in January 2012, the page layout algorithm penalizes sites with too many ads above the fold.

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February 6, 2014

Penguin 2.1 (#5)

October 4, 2013, After a 4-1/2 month gap, Google launched another Penguin update. Given the 2.1 designation, this was probably a data update (primarily) and not a major change to the Penguin algorithm. The overall impact seemed to be moderate, although some webmasters reported being hit hard.

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October 4, 2013


August 20, 2013, Announced on September 26th, Google suggested that the “Hummingbird” update rolled out about a month earlier.

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August 20, 2013

Panda Recovery

July 18, 2013, Google confirmed a Panda update, but it was unclear whether this was one of the 10-day rolling updates or something new. The implication was that this was algorithmic and may have “softened” some previous Panda penalties.

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July 18, 2013

“Payday Loan” Update

June 11, 2013, Google announced a targeted algorithm update to take on niches with notoriously spammy results, specifically mentioning payday loans and porn. The update was announced on June 11th, but Matt Cutts suggested it would roll out over a 1-2 month period.

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June 11, 2013

Penguin 2.0 (#4)

May 22, 2013, The 4th Penguin update (dubbed “2.0” by Google) arrived with only moderate impact. The exact nature of the changes were unclear, but some evidence suggested that Penguin 2.0 was more finely targeted to the page level.

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May 22, 2013

Domain Crowding

May 21, 2013, Google released an update to control domain crowding/diversity deep in the SERPs (pages 2+). The timing was unclear, but it seemed to roll out just prior to Penguin 2.0 in the US and possibly the same day internationally.

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May 21, 2013


May 9, 2013, In the period around May 9th, there were many reports of an algorithm update. The exact nature of this update was unknown, but many sites reported significant traffic loss.

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May 9, 2013

Panda #25

March 14, 2013, Matt Cutts pre-announced a Panda update at SMX West, and suggested it would be the last update before Panda was integrated into the core algorithm.

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March 14, 2013

Panda #24

January 22, 2013, Google announced its first official update of 2013, claiming 1.2% of queries affected. This did not seem related to talk of an update around 1/17-18 (which Google did not confirm).

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January 22, 2013

Panda #23

December 21, 2012, Right before the Christmas holiday, Google rolled out another Panda update. They officially called it a “refresh”, impacting 1.3% of English queries. This was a slightly higher impact than Pandas #21 and #22.

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December 21, 2012

Knowledge Graph Expansion

December 4, 2012, Google added Knowledge Graph functionality to non-English queries, including Spanish, French, German, Portuguese, Japanese, Russian, and Italian. This update was “more than just translation” and added enhanced KG capabilities.

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December 4, 2012

Panda #22

November 21, 2012, After some mixed signals, Google confirmed the 22nd Panda update, which appears to have been data-only. This came on the heels of a larger, but unnamed update around November 19th.

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November 21, 2012

Panda #21

November 5, 2012, Google rolled out their 21st Panda update, roughly 5-1/2 weeks after Panda #20. This update was reported to be smaller, officially impacting 1.1% of English queries.

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November 5, 2012

Page Layout #2

October 9, 2012, Google announced an update to its original page layout algorithm change back in January, which targeted pages with too many ads above the fold. It’s unclear whether this was an algorithm change or a Panda-style data refresh.

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October 9, 2012

Penguin #3

October 5, 2012, After suggesting the next Penguin update would be major, Google released a minor Penguin data update, impacting “0.3% of queries”. Penguin update numbering was rebooted, similar to Panda – this was the 3rd Penguin release.

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October 5, 2012

August/September 65-Pack

October 4, 2012, Google published their monthly (bi-monthly?) list of search highlights. The 65 updates for August and September included 7-result SERPs, Knowledge Graph expansion, updates to how “page quality” is calculated, and changes to how local results are determined.

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October 4, 2012

Panda #20

September 27, 2012, Overlapping the EMD update, a fairly major Panda update (algo + data) rolled out, officially affecting 2.4% of queries. As the 3.X series was getting odd, industry sources opted to start naming Panda updates in order (this was the 20th).

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September 27, 2012

Panda 3.9.2 (#19)

September 18, 2012, Google rolled out another Panda refresh, which appears to have been data-only. Ranking flux was moderate but not on par with a large-scale algorithm update.

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September 18, 2012

Panda 3.9.1 (#18)

August 20, 2012, Google rolled out yet another Panda data update, but the impact seemed to be fairly small. Since the Panda 3.0 series ran out of numbers at 3.9, the new update was dubbed 3.9.1.

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August 20, 2012

7-Result SERPs

August 14, 2012, Google made a significant change to the Top 10, limiting it to 7 results for many queries. Our research showed that this change rolled out over a couple of days, finally impacting about 18% of the keywords we tracked.

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August 14, 2012

June/July 86-Pack

August 10, 2012, After a summer hiatus, the June and July Search Quality Highlights were rolled out in one mega-post. Major updates included Panda data and algorithm refreshes, an improved rank-ordering function (?), a ranking boost for “trusted sources”, and changes to site clustering.

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August 10, 2012

DMCA Penalty (“Pirate”)

August 10, 2012, Google announced that they would start penalizing sites with repeat copyright violations, probably via DMCA take-down requests. Timing was stated as “starting next week” (8/13?).

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August 10, 2012

Panda 3.9 (#17)

July 24, 2012, A month after Panda 3.8, Google rolled out a new Panda update. Rankings fluctuated for 5-6 days, although no single day was high enough to stand out. Google claimed ~1% of queries were impacted.

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July 24, 2012

July 19, 2012, In a repeat of March/April, Google sent out a large number of unnatural link warnings via Google Webmaster Tools. In a complete turn-around, they then announced that these new warnings may not actually represent a serious problem.

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July 19, 2012

Panda 3.8 (#16)

June 25, 2012, Google rolled out another Panda data refresh, but this appeared to be data only (no algorithm changes) and had a much smaller impact than Panda 3.7.

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June 25, 2012

Panda 3.7 (#15)

June 8, 2012, Google rolled out yet another Panda data update, claiming that less than 1% of queries were affect. Ranking fluctuation data suggested that the impact was substantially higher than previous Panda updates (3.5, 3.6).

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June 8, 2012

May 39-Pack

June 7, 2012, Google released their monthly Search Highlights, with 39 updates in May. Major changes included Penguin improvements, better link-scheme detection, changes to title/snippet rewriting, and updates to Google News.

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June 7, 2012

Penguin 1.1 (#2)

May 25, 2012, Google rolled out its first targeted data update after the “Penguin” algorithm update. This confirmed that Penguin data was being processed outside of the main search index, much like Panda data.

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May 25, 2012

April 52-Pack

May 4, 2012, Google published details of 52 updates in April, including changes that were tied to the “Penguin” update. Other highlights included a 15% larger “base” index, improved pagination handling, and a number of updates to sitelinks.

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May 4, 2012

Panda 3.6 (#14)

April 27, 2012, Barely a week after Panda 3.5, Google rolled out yet another Panda data update. The implications of this update were unclear, and it seemed that the impact was relatively small.

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April 27, 2012


April 24, 2012, After weeks of speculation about an “Over-optimization penalty”, Google finally rolled out the “Webspam Update”, which was soon after dubbed “Penguin.” Penguin adjusted a number of spam factors, including keyword stuffing, and impacted an estimated 3.1% of English queries.

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April 24, 2012

Panda 3.5 (#13)

April 19, 2012, In the middle of a busy week for the algorithm, Google quietly rolled out a Panda data update. A mix of changes made the impact difficult to measure, but this appears to have been a fairly routine update with minimal impact.

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April 19, 2012

March 50-Pack

April 3, 2012, Google posted another batch of update highlights, covering 50 changes in March. These included confirmation of Panda 3.4, changes to anchor-text “scoring”, updates to image search, and changes to how queries with local intent are interpreted.

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April 3, 2012

Panda 3.4 (#12)

March 23, 2012, Google announced another Panda update, this time via Twitter as the update was rolling out. Their public statements estimated that Panda 3.4 impacted about 1.6% of search results.

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March 23, 2012


February 27, 2012, As part of their monthly update, Google mentioned code-name “Venice”. This local update appeared to more aggressively localize organic results and more tightly integrate local search data.

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February 27, 2012

February 40-Pack (2)

February 27, 2012, Google published a second set of “search quality highlights” at the end of the month, claiming more than 40 changes in February. Notable changes included multiple image-search updates, multiple freshness updates (including phasing out 2 old bits of the algorithm), and a Panda update.

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February 27, 2012

Panda 3.3 (#11)

February 27, 2012, Google rolled out another post-“flux” Panda update, which appeared to be relatively minor. This came just 3 days after the 1-year anniversary of Panda, an unprecedented lifespan for a named update.

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February 27, 2012

February 17-Pack

January 17, 2012, Google released another round of “search quality highlights” (17 in all). Many related to speed, freshness, and spell-checking, but one major announcement was tighter integration of Panda into the main search index.

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January 17, 2012

Ads Above The Fold

January 19, 2012, Google updated their page layout algorithms to devalue sites with too much ad-space above the “fold”. It was previously suspected that a similar factor was in play in Panda. The update had no official name, although it was referenced as “Top Heavy” by some SEOs.

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January 19, 2012

Panda 3.2 (#10)

January 18, 2012, Google confirmed a Panda data update, although it suggested that the algorithm hadn’t changed. It was unclear how this fit into the “Panda Flux” scheme of more frequent data updates.

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January 18, 2012

Search + Your World

January 10, 2012, Google announced a radical shift in personalization – aggressively pushing Google+ social data and user profiles into SERPs. Google also added a new, prominent toggle button to shut off personalization.

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January 10, 2012

January 30-Pack

January 5, 2012, Google announced 30 changes over the previous month, including image search landing-page quality detection, more relevant site-links, more rich snippets, and related-query improvements. The line between an “algo update” and a “feature” got a bit more blurred.

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January 5, 2012

About the Author sonupandey

I provide Internet Marketing Services with the help of my team under brand name Search Markup Digital Marketing, for services you can directly get in touch with me or my company. I and my team also teach Digital Marketing under the brand name Digital Shiksha. I write blogs, I run websites of different interest and niches,

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